Installation on Windows
You can use either
- cygwin based
- msysGit (better option)
You can install Git from here http://git-scm.com/download/win
Choose these Options
Windows user can choose Run Git from the Windows Command Prompt This is an easy option To run Git from windows prompt.
Windows and Unix/Mac Treat line ending different.
Windows use CRLF for line ending. Unix,Mac use LF for line ending.
This option should be seriously considered if your collobration team use both mix of windows and Linux and Mac.
Installation on Linux
Depending on the linux flavours you are using you can follow as below
If you want to install Git on Linux via a binary installer, you can generally do so through the basic package-management tool that comes with your distribution. If you’re on Fedora for example, you can use yum:
For Fedora / CentOS :
$ sudo yum install git
For Debian / Ubuntu :
$ sudo apt-get install git
Installation on Mac
Using GIT Installer
There are several ways to install Git on a Mac. The easiest is probably to install the Xcode Command Line Tools. On Mavericks (10.9) or above you can do this simply by trying to run git from the Terminal the very first time. If you don’t have it installed already, it will prompt you to install it.
If you want a more up to date version, you can also install it via a binary installer. An OSX Git installer is maintained and available for download at the Git website, at http://git-scm.com/download/mac.
To Check Installation
To check if you have installed git on your computer, try this.
$ git --version git version 18.104.22.168
One Time Setup
One interesting aspect of Git is it makes who make what changes as a part and parcel of the workflow.
You don't even need this to tell everytime.
Just Configure your username and email once.
git config user.name <name> git config --global user.email <email>
git config --global user.name "Napoleon Arouldas" git config --global user.email "firstname.lastname@example.org"
To Setup an Editor for giving your commit message
git config --system core.editor
Often you would like to have commit message edited by git automatically invoking the editor.
To do that:
git config --system core.editor <editor>
To Configure Sublime Text
git config --global core.editor "subl -n -w"
To Edit your config file
Lets open the config file in the editor that we just configured.
git config --global --edit
To list all the config that we have done so far
git config --list
Optional To Create SSH Keys
Git stores configuration options in three separate files, which lets you scope options to individual repositories, users, or the entire system:
<repo>/.git/config – Repository-specific settings. ~/.gitconfig – User-specific settings. This is where options set with the --global flag are stored. $(prefix)/etc/gitconfig – System-wide settings.
When options in these files conflict,
local settings override user settings, which override system-wide.
If you open any of these files, you’ll see something like the following:
[user] name = John Smith email = email@example.com [alias] st = status co = checkout br = branch up = rebase ci = commit [core] editor = vim